Ngaphambi kokuba lo nyaka umbi ufikelele esiphelweni, ndivakalelwa kukuba kufuneka ndinikezele ikholamu kwi-Murder Hornets, nantsi ke.



I-Asian Giant Hornets (iVespa mandarinia) yi-hornet enkulu yehlabathi. Ziyazalelwa kummandla osuka kumantla eIndiya ukuya empuma yeAsia. Ngo-Agasti ka-2019, ikoloni yafunyanwa kwiSiqithi saseVancouver. Kungekudala emva koko, iihornets ezininzi zafunyanwa kwindawo ekumntla-ntshona weWashington State.

Zafunyanwa njani? Umgcini weenyosi wafumana imfumba enkulu yeenyosi ezinqunyulwe iintloko phantsi kwesinye sezisele zakhe. Amagosa amsusa ngokukhawuleza uWinnie the Pooh njengomrhanelwa kwaye agxile kubukho obunokwenzeka be-Asian Giant Hornet (okanye i-AGH).





Ezi hornets zinokufikelela kwi-intshi eyoyikisayo ye-2 ubude. Izinti zabo zinde kunezinye iimpondo kwaye zinokuzisa ngokuphindwe kasixhenxe ubuthi xa kuthelekiswa ne Inyosi yaseYurophu . Ulwamvila lwazo lubuhlungu kakhulu, kodwa alubulali ebantwini ngaphandle kokuba kukho ukwaliwa ziinyosi.

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Kusenokwenzeka ukuba ukumkanikazi wafika ekwibhokisi yempahla ethunyelwa ngenqanawa evela eAsia. Xa sele elapha, wayeza kuseka indlwane engaphantsi komhlaba, ngokwesiqhelo kumngxuma weempuku olahliweyo (okanye oza kushiywa kungekudala). Uhlala endlwaneni de akhulise abasebenzi abangama-40 nangaphezulu. Nje ukuba ihlobo okanye ikwindla ifike, abasebenzi baqala ukukhangela imithombo yeprotheyini yokondla iihornets ezincinci.



Kumboniso omangalisayo wentsingiselo ye-hangry kwihlabathi lezinambuzane, abasebenzi behla kwi-honeybee kwaye banqumle zonke iinyosi abanokuzifumana. I-hornet enye inokubulala iinyosi ezifikelela kuma-40 ngomzuzu, ngaloo ndlela ifumana igama elithi Murder Hornet. Emva kokuba iinyosi zitshatyalalisiwe, abasebenzi bathatha imibungu yeenyosi kunye neepupae baze babuyele kwindlwane yabo njengeqela labathengi abaphambeneyo beBlack Friday.

Ngokuqinisekileyo, izazinzulu ezivela kwii-arhente zezolimo zamazwe amaninzi zixhalabile ukuba ii-hornets ziya kumisa apha kwaye zibeka ingozi enkulu kwishishini le-honeybee. Iindlwane ezininzi zeehornet kwilizwe laseWashington zisandula kutshatyalaliswa kwaye zasuswa.



Amanqaku anxulumeneyo

Okubangel’ umdla kukuba, iinyosi zobusi zinendlela ekrelekrele yokulwa naba bahlaseli. IiHornets ezinkulu zaseAsia ziya kufa xa zifikelela kumaqondo obushushu angama-115 degrees. Xa iinyosi zobusi zibona ukuba kukho umntu ohlaselayo, ziyayirhangqa zize zibethe amaphiko azo ngomsindo. Ngokwenza oku, banokuphakamisa ubushushu obujikelezileyo ukuya kuma-degrees angama-117, bagqithise i-hornet kwaye bayibulale. (Iinyosi zobusi ziyakwazi ukunyamezela amaqondo obushushu ukuya kwi-118 degrees.)

Ndimele ndongeze ukuba ekubeni i-Asian Giant Hornet ayikwazi ukunyamezela nakuphi na ubushushu obugqithisileyo, akunakwenzeka ukuba ibe yingxaki eCalifornia.



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