Ukuthenga isixhobo esitsha sokuvuthela amagqabi esinepetroli, umatshini wokucheba ingca, ukucheba imitya, isarha yetyathanga okanye esinye isixhobo sokulima ngaphandle kwegadi eCalifornia esisebenza kumafutha efosili inokuba yinto yakudala kungekudala.



I-Gov. Gavin Newsom kwiveki ephelileyo usayine umthetho wokuqala kwisizwe ukuba afune izixhobo ezitsha ze-injini ezincinci ezisetyenzisiweyo kwi-landscaping ukuze zikhuphe ungcoliseko lwe-zero - oku kuthetha ukuba iimodeli ezisebenza ngebhetri okanye iplug-in kuphela - ekuqaleni kukaJanuwari 1, 2024.

amatikiti edisney park hopper 2021

Umthetho omtsha ufumana ingqwalasela enkulu. Nazi iinyani:





Umbuzo: Ngaba ezinye iidolophu azizithinteli izivutheli zamagqabi ezisebenza ngegesi? Ziyakwazi ukungxola.

UKUYA: Ewe. Belvedere, Berkeley, Beverly Hills, Carmel, Claremont, Indian Wells, Los Altos, Los Gatos, Malibu, Mill Valley, Mountain View, Newport Beach, Oakland, Ojai, Palo Alto, Piedmont, Santa Barbara, Solana Beach, Sunnyvale, Tiburon kunye IWest Hollywood iphakathi kwezixeko zaseCalifornia eziye zavala okanye zanqanda ingxolo yezivutheli zamagqabi eziqhutywa ngepetroli.



Umbuzo: Ngoko ke uthini lo mthetho mtsha?

UKUYA: I-Newsom isayiniwe UMthetho osaYilwayo weNdibano we-1346 , ibhalwe ngu-Assemblyman Marc Berman, D-Palo Alto. Ifuna iBhodi yeMithombo yoMoya yaseCalifornia, i-arhente e-Sacramento elawula ungcoliseko lomoya, ukuba yamkele imithetho yelizwe nge-1 kaJulayi, 2022 ethintela ukutsalwa kwe-injini kunye nokukhutshwa komphunga ovela kwiinjini ezincinci ezingaphandle kwendlela ngendlela engabizi kakhulu kunye netekhnoloji. kunokwenzeka.



Umbuzo: Zeziphi iintlobo zezixhobo eziya kubandakanya?

UKUYA: Ibhodi yomoya karhulumente ichaza iinjini ezincinci ezingaphandle kweendlela njengeenjini zokutsha ezingaphantsi kwama-25 amandla amakhulu amahashe, kubandakanywa nezo zifunyenwe kwizinto zokucheba ingca, izilungisi zentambo, iisarha zamatsheyini, iinqwelo zegalufa, iijenereyitha kunye neempompo.



Umbuzo: Ngaba oko kuthetha ukuba kufuneka ndilahle umatshini wam wokucheba ingca okanye i-whacker yokhula?

UKUYA: Hayi. Umthetho usebenza kuphela ekuthengisweni kwezixhobo ezitsha. Kodwa awuzukwazi ukuthenga izixhobo zegadi ezisebenza ngepetroli eCalifornia emva kokuba iqalile ukusebenza.



Umbuzo: Iqala nini ukusebenza?

UKUYA: Ngomhla woku-1 kuJan, ngo-2024, okanye nje ukuba ibhodi yomoya igqibe ukuba inokwenzeka, nokuba yeyiphi eyasemva. Ngamanye amazwi, eyona migaqo yakuqala isebenza malunga neenyanga ezingama-26 ukusuka ngoku.

Umbuzo: Oku kuvakala ngathi yinto ye-nanny state. Ngaba ngokwenene ezi zinto zingcolisa kangaka?

UKUYA: Ngokutsho kwezazinzulu kwibhodi yomoya, ewe. Urhulumente waqala ukulawula ukukhutshwa kweenjini ezincinci zendlela kwi-1990. Kodwa imigaqo ayizange ihlaziywe kwiminyaka, njengokuba imigangatho yeemoto, iindawo zokucoca ioli kunye neminye imithombo ye-smog iqinisiwe.

Ukusebenzisa i-petroli-powered leaf blower ethengiswa kakhulu kwi-1 iyure ngoku ikhupha umlinganiselo ofanayo wokungcola komoya (i-nitrogen oxides kunye ne-reactive organic gases, eyenza i-smog) njengoko uqhuba i-2017 Toyota Camry 1,100 yeekhilomitha, ngokwebhodi yomoya. Oku kufana nokuqhuba usuka kwiBay Area ukuya eDenver. Ukusebenzisa umatshini wokucheba ingca yepetroli ngeyure e-1 kukhupha umlinganiselo ofanayo wongcoliseko lomoya njengoko uqhuba imoto iimayile ezingama-300, okanye malunga nohambo olusuka eLos Angeles ukuya eLas Vegas.

Umbuzo: Kodwa ngaba ngokwenene zininzi kangako?

UKUYA: Ewe. Kukho iinjini ezincinci ezili-16.7 eKhalifoniya, xa zithelekiswa ne-13.7 yezigidi zeemoto zabakhweli.

Ngapha koko, kulo nyaka, ukukhutshwa okupheleleyo okuvela kwiinjini ezincinci ngoku kugqithise ukukhutshwa okupheleleyo kuzo zonke iimoto zabakhweli eCalifornia, malunga neetoni ezili-150 ngosuku kumthombo ngamnye, Iingxelo zebhodi yomoya.

Umbuzo: Kuthekani ngeenkampani zokulungisa umhlaba?

UKUYA: Lo mthetho uyasebenza nakubo. Kwaye abaninzi abonwabanga. Umbutho kaZwelonke weeNgcali zeLawn wawuchasa umthetho oyilwayo, besithi nangona kukho izixhobo ezininzi zegadi zombane ezithengiswa kubanikazi bezindlu kwiindawo ezifana ne-Home Depot, i-Lowe kunye nezinye iivenkile, azikho phantse iimodeli zorhwebo ezinzima ezikhoyo. Baqaphela ukuba iibhetri zifuna ukutshajwa rhoqo, kwaye izixhobo zihlala zibiza ngaphezulu kuneendlela ezisebenza ngegesi.

Sixhasa inguqu enoxanduva kwesi sixhobo xa izixhobo zilungile, utshilo u-Andrew Bray, usekela mongameli wombutho. Okwangoku, izixhobo zinemiba yokusebenza, imiba yeendleko kunye nemiba yeziseko zophuhliso.

Umbutho ubhengeze ukuba uya kuqhubeka nokuphembelela iBhodi yeMithombo yoMoya ukuba iqhubele phambili ukuguquguquka ngakumbi njengoko ibhala imithetho.

Abaqulunqi bomthetho babandakanya i-30 yezigidi zeedola kuhlahlo lwabiwo-mali lukarhulumente kulo nyaka ukubonelela ngenkuthazo yezemali kwiinkampani zorhwebo zokujonga umhlaba, kodwa umbutho woshishino uthi akwanelanga.

michelin 1 star zokutyela

Umbuzo: Ngubani oxhase umthetho?

UKUYA: I-American Lung Association, i-Sierra Club, i-Audubon California, i-Bay Area Air Quality Management District, i-Natural Resources Defense Council, iiGqirha zoXanduva lweNtlalo kunye nezixeko zase-Albany, Glendale, Mountain View, Palo Alto, San Jose kunye ne-South Pasadena, phakathi kwabanye. Abaxhasi bathi imithetho iyawunciphisa umngcipheko we-asthma kunye nezinye iingxaki zempilo kubasebenzi bomhlaba.

Umbuzo: Ngaba idlule ngamxhelo-mnye?

UKUYA: Hayi, amaRiphabhlikhi, kunye namanye amaDemokhrasi ayechasiwe. Idlule ngevoti ye-21-9 kwi-Senate yelizwe kunye ne-47-22 kwiNdibano yelizwe.

Ibhodi yezomoya yayisele iqalile inkqubo yokubhala imithetho emitsha, kwaye umthetho ngoku ubeka umhla wokugqibela. Kwakhona iNewsom yatyikitya umyalelo wesigqeba kunyaka ophelileyo ifuna ukuba ezi njini zipheliswe. Yayingulo myalelo ubalulekileyo owawuthintela ukuthengiswa kweemoto ezitshisa ipetroli eCarlifonia emva kowama-2035 ukunciphisa ukukhutshwa kwegesi eluhlaza.

Umbuzo: Kuthekani ngeejenereyitha? Ngaba intengiso yeejenereyitha ezintsha ezisebenza ngerhasi iza kuvalwa ngokwenene?

UKUYA: Zibandakanyiwe kwibhili, kodwa ibhodi yomoya ithe ayinakuwisa isithintelo kwintengiso entsha kude kube ngu-2028 kuba ezinye iindlela, njengemodeli yebhetri ehlawuliswa kwiipaneli zelanga, okanye iijenereyitha zeeseli zamafutha, azikafiki okwangoku. izixhobo zegadi yombane.

Umbuzo: Ndingathenga izixhobo ezisebenza ngepetroli kwamanye amazwe emva kokuba imithetho emitsha ikhaba?

UKUYA: Ewe. Kodwa iCalifornia ihlala igqithisa imithetho yongcoliseko kuqala, emva koko amanye amazwe, kwaye ekugqibeleni urhulumente wobumbano, akhuphele loo mithetho. Kwaye ngotshintsho lwemozulu olubi kakhulu kwimbalela, imililo yasendle kunye nezinye iingxaki, indlela e-US, eYurophu nakwezinye iindawo ijolise ekufakeni umbane kuyo yonke into, kunye nokuvelisa amandla angakumbi avela kwilanga, umoya kunye neminye imithombo yamandla avuselelekayo.

EDUBLIN, CA – OKTOBHA 14: UPedro Ortiz ovela kwiAllied Landscaping usebenzisa isivutheli samagqabi esinepetroli ukucoca amagqabi kunye nobutyobo begadi kwindawo yasekhaya yaseDublin ngoLwesine, ngo-Okthobha 14, 2021. (uSarah Dussault/Bay Area News Group)




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